Introduction to Information Technology


1.       Identify different types of computers.

2.       Identify the function of various computer hardware components.

3.       Identify factors that go into an individual or organizational decision on how to purchase computer equipment.

4.       Identify how to maintain computer equipment and solve common problems relating to computer hardware.

5.       Identify how different computers process information and how individual computers interact with other computing systems and devices.

6.       Describe the characteristics and functions of CPUs, motherboards, random access memory (RAM), expansion connections floppy drives, hard drives, and CD-ROM drives.

7.       Explain the functions and characteristics of system expansion devices (e.g., graphics cards, sound cards, modems).

8.       Investigate basic issues affecting system purchases and upgrade decisions.

9.       Compare categories of computers based on their size, power, and purpose.

10.   Identify the various types of computer storage devices and compare the advantages and disadvantages of various storage devices.

11.   Install and configure hardware and basic hardware applications in a computer system.

12.   Clean and perform routine maintenance on computer systems.

13.   Evaluate the performance of core computer systems components.

14.   Demonstrate the use of connectivity devices and peripheral equipment (e.g., portable storage, devices, printers, cable modem, wireless technologies).

1.       Identify different types of general software concepts relating to software categories, and the tasks to which each type of software is most suited or not suited.

2.       Identify how software is developed and upgraded.

3.       Complete workplace applications that integrate word processing, spreadsheet, database, and multimedia software.

4.       Produce documents integrating and manipulating graphic files and multimedia with other application software.

5.       Identify how software and hardware work together to perform computing tasks.

6.       Compare and contrast the appropriate use of specialized software applications.

7.       Use system utilities and explain system utility software and cite examples.

1.       Identify what an operating system is and how it works.

2.       Manipulate and control Windows desktop, files, and disks.

3.       Identify how to change system settings.

4.       Solve common problems related to operating systems (e.g., blue screen, system lock-up, input/output device, application install, start or load, Windows-specific printing problems).

5.       Install and remove software.

6.       Explain operating system software and site examples of different operating systems including DOS, Windows, and Macintosh.

7.       Identify how the four components of a network operating system (server platform, network services software, network redirection software, and communications software) support network operations.

8.       Identify names, purposes, and characteristics of the primary operating system components including registry, virtual memory, and file system.

9.       Use command-line functions and utilities to manage operating systems, including proper syntax.

10.   Compare different options of baking up, securing data, and restoring a system.

11.   Identify the basic parts of a computer system and describe the functions and relationships among components.

12.   Recognize file sizes in terms of kilobytes, megabytes, and gigabytes.

1.       Be able to start and exit a Windows application.

2.       Explain the purpose and functions of computer programming.

3.       Identify common on-screen elements of Windows applications, change application settings, and manage files within an application.

4.       Perform common editing and formatting functions.

5.       Perform common printing and outputting functions.

6.       Demonstrate how to utilize sources of online help.

7.       Perform basic computer filing tasks (e.g., naming, saving, deleting, moving files).

1.       Be able to format text and documents, including the ability to use automatic formatting tools.

2.       Be able to insert, edit, and format tables in a document.

3.       Explain the purpose, function, and common features of commonly used word processing programs.

4.       Design, create, retrieve, proofread, edit, and save workplace documents using word processing software.

1.       Be able to modify worksheet data.

2.       Structure and format data in a worksheet.

3.       Be able to sort and manipulate data using formulas and functions.

4.       Be able to add and modify charts in a worksheet.

5.       Explain the purpose, function, and features of commonly used spreadsheets.

6.       Define spreadsheet terminology (e.g., cell, row, column, range, label, value, formula, function, worksheet, relative, absolute, legend).

7.       Design, create, and use spreadsheets for workplace applications.

1.       Be able to create and format simple presentations.

2.       Identify common features of presentation software.

1.       Identify network fundamentals and the benefits and risks of network computing.

2.       Identify the relationship between computer networks, other communication networks, and the Internet.

3.       Identify types of networks (e.g., LAN, WAN, MAN) and their features and applications.

4.       Explain principles of basic network security (e.g., IP spoofing, packet sniffing, password compromise, encryption).

5.       Identify names, purposes, and characteristics (e.g., definition, speed, connections) of technologies for establishing connectivity.

6.       Understand the functions of various network devices, including network connectivity hardware.

7.       Identify the types of wireless network media and the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of each.

8.       Install, configure, optimize, and upgrade networks.

9.       Identify tools, diagnostic procedures, and troubleshooting techniques for networks.

10.   Understand the differences between various network environments (e.g., peer-to-peer, client-server, thin client, n-tier, internetworks, intranets, extranets).

11.   Identify the purposes and interrelationships among the major components of networks (e.g., servers, clients, transmission media, network operating system, network boards).

12.   Identify how computers share data, files, hardware, and software.

13.   Understand the role of clients and servers in a network.

14.   Demonstrate knowledge of the open system interconnection (OSI) standard.

15.   Differentiate between various current protocols (e.g., TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, NETBEUI, DHCP).

16.   Explain network topologies (e.g., star, bus, ring, broadband, baseband).

1.       Identify how e-mail works.

2.       Identify how to use an e-mail application.

3.       Identify the appropriate use of e-mail and e-mail related “netiquette.”

4.       Use e-mail to send and receive messages and attachments.

5.       Identify different types of electronic communication and electronic collaboration and how they work.

6.       Identify common problems associated with electronic communication (e.g., delivery failure, junk mail, fraud, viruses).

7.       Explain major current issues and trends in data communications.

1.       Identify different types of information sources on the Internet.

2.       Demonstrate proficiency in using the basic features of GUI browsers (e.g., setting bookmarks, basic configurations, e-mail configurations, address book).

3.       Define Universal Resource Locators (URLs) and associated protocols (e.g., com, org, edu, gov, net, mil).

4.       Demonstrate proficiency using various web tools (e.g., downloading of files, transfer of files, telnet, PDF).

5.       Identify effective Boolean search strategies.

6.       Demonstrate the ability to navigate the Internet using a variety of search engines to conduct research.

7.       Understand how content is created, located, and evaluated on the World Wide Web.